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Tuesday, 11 April 2023 00:00

Forefoot Pain

The forefoot is the front part of the foot that contains ligaments, tendons, muscles, nerves, blood vessels, metatarsal bones, and phalanges. The metatarsal bones are the five long bones between the toe bones, the hindfoot, and the midfoot. There are a variety of conditions that can lead to forefoot pain, including Morton’s neuroma, toe pain, and sesamoiditis. The focus here is on sesamoiditis. Most bones are connected to other bones at joints. Sesamoids are bones embedded in muscle and only connected to tendons. On the bottom of the foot, near the big toe, two small sesamoids help with weight bearing and raising the bones of the big toe. Sesamoiditis happens when these tendons become irritated and inflamed. This is common among runners and dancers. If you suffer from pain in your forefoot, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist to determine the cause of the pain, whether it’s sesamoiditis, and how to treat it best.

Sesamoiditis is an unpleasant foot condition characterized by pain in the balls of the feet. If you think you’re struggling with sesamoiditis, contact Robert Stein, DPM of South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor will treat your condition thoroughly and effectively.

Sesamoiditis

Sesamoiditis is a condition of the foot that affects the ball of the foot. It is more common in younger people than it is in older people. It can also occur with people who have begun a new exercise program, since their bodies are adjusting to the new physical regimen. Pain may also be caused by the inflammation of tendons surrounding the bones. It is important to seek treatment in its early stages because if you ignore the pain, this condition can lead to more serious problems such as severe irritation and bone fractures.

Causes of Sesamoiditis

  • Sudden increase in activity
  • Increase in physically strenuous movement without a proper warm up or build up
  • Foot structure: those who have smaller, bonier feet or those with a high arch may be more susceptible

Treatment for sesamoiditis is non-invasive and simple. Doctors may recommend a strict rest period where the patient forgoes most physical activity. This will help give the patient time to heal their feet through limited activity. For serious cases, it is best to speak with your doctor to determine a treatment option that will help your specific needs.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 04 April 2023 00:00

Pediatric Gout

Gout is a type of inflammatory arthritis where too much uric acid in the body causes sharp crystals to form in joints. Uric acid forms when the body breaks down chemical compounds called purines. Purines are naturally produced by the body, and they also come from the foods we eat. Foods higher in purines include animal organ products, certain seafood, soda with fructose, and alcohol. Gout can cause pain, redness, and swelling in and around the joints of the feet. It is particularly common in the big toe. While gout typically affects adults, it can also happen to children. Pediatric gout is rare, more common in males, and is usually linked to underlying medical conditions, including obesity, Down syndrome, and congenital heart disease. If your child is complaining of big toe pain, it is strongly suggested that you take them to a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

Gout is a painful condition that can be treated. If you are seeking treatment, contact Robert Stein, DPM from South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a form of arthritis that is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, redness, and tenderness in the joints. The condition usually affects the joint at the base of the big toe. A gout attack can occur at any random time, such as the middle of the night while you are asleep.

Symptoms

  • Intense Joint Pain - Usually around the large joint of your big toe, and it most severe within the first four to twelve hours
  • Lingering Discomfort - Joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks
  • Inflammation and Redness -Affected joints may become swollen, tender, warm and red
  • Limited Range of Motion - May experience a decrease in joint mobility

Risk Factors

  • Genetics - If family members have gout, you’re more likely to have it
  • Medications - Diuretic medications can raise uric acid levels
  • Gender/Age - Gout is more common in men until the age of 60. It is believed that estrogen protects women until that point
  • Diet - Eating red meat and shellfish increases your risk
  • Alcohol - Having more than two alcoholic drinks per day increases your risk
  • Obesity - Obese people are at a higher risk for gout

Prior to visiting your podiatrist to receive treatment for gout, there are a few things you should do beforehand. If you have gout you should write down your symptoms--including when they started and how often you experience them, important medical information you may have, and any questions you may have. Writing down these three things will help your podiatrist in assessing your specific situation so that he or she may provide the best route of treatment for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Tuesday, 28 March 2023 00:00

What Can Cause Foot Blisters?

Blisters are a natural defense mechanism the body develops against damaged skin. They are defined as a small area that is filled with liquid over the raw skin, and will gradually drain when new skin has formed. One of the most common causes of blisters is excessive friction, and this can happen from shoes and socks that are worn. Additional reasons why blisters can develop can include an allergic reaction from poison oak, ivy, or sumac, or from medical conditions, such as eczema or autoimmune diseases. It is beneficial to cover foot blisters with a protective pad, and this may be helpful in preventing the blister from draining prematurely. Wearing shoes that fit correctly is often an answer to limit blisters developing on the feet. If you would like more information about the cause and management of foot blisters, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist who can provide you with the information you are seeking.

Blisters are prone to making everyday activities extremely uncomfortable. If your feet are hurting, contact Robert Stein, DPM of South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Foot Blisters

Foot blisters develop as a result of constantly wearing tight or ill-fitting footwear. This happens due to the constant rubbing from the shoe, which can often lead to pain.

What Are Foot Blisters?

A foot blister is a small fluid-filled pocket that forms on the upper-most layer of the skin. Blisters are filled with clear fluid and can lead to blood drainage or pus if the area becomes infected.

How Do Blisters Form?

Blisters on the feet are often the result of constant friction of skin and material, usually by shoe rubbing. Walking in sandals, boots, or shoes that don’t fit properly for long periods of time can result in a blister. Having consistent foot moisture and humidity can easily lead to blister formation.

Prevention & Treatment

It is important to properly care for the affected area in order to prevent infection and ease the pain. Do not lance the blister and use a Band-Aid to provide pain relief. Also, be sure to keep your feet dry and wear proper fitting shoes. If you see blood or pus in a blister, seek assistance from a podiatrist.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Tuesday, 21 March 2023 00:00

What Is a Tarsal Tunnel?

The tarsal tunnel is a narrow space that runs behind and below the medial malleolus or the largest of the three bones that form the ankle. The tarsal tunnel contains important tendons, nerves, and blood vessels that help provide movement and flexibility in the foot. Tarsal tunnel syndrome is also known as tibial nerve dysfunction or posterior tibial nerve neuralgia. It is a type of neuropathy that is associated with the compression of nerves in the tarsal tunnel. It is like the more well-known and common condition that affects the wrists called carpal tunnel syndrome. Tarsal tunnel syndrome can result from flat feet, a sprained ankle, or underlying conditions, such as arthritis or diabetes. It can cause pain, tingling, or numbness in the foot. If you suffer from foot pain, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist at your earliest convenience to obtain a correct diagnosis and treatment plan.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact Robert Stein, DPM of South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.

Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
  • Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
  • At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.

The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
  • The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
  • If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.

A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 14 March 2023 00:00

Moccasin-Type Athlete’s Foot

Athlete’s foot is a particular kind of fungal infection that impacts the feet. Individuals who have athlete’s foot may experience different symptoms. For example, patients may present a scaly rash that could be red. There are several different types of athlete’s foot that an individual could have. Moccasin-type athlete’s foot is one such type. Several things characterize this kind of athlete’s foot. Namely, moccasin-type athlete’s foot affects the soles of the feet, the heel, and the edges of the foot. As a result of having a moccasin-type athlete’s foot, an individual could experience soreness in the feet. The skin on the feet may even thicken in texture or crack. If you are struggling with athlete’s foot, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist today.


 

Athlete’s foot is an inconvenient condition that can be easily reduced with the proper treatment. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact Robert Stein, DPM from South Shore Foot Care.  Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Athlete’s Foot: The Sole Story

Athlete's foot, also known as tinea pedis, can be an extremely contagious foot infection. It is commonly contracted in public changing areas and bathrooms, dormitory style living quarters, around locker rooms and public swimming pools, or anywhere your feet often come into contact with other people.

Solutions to Combat Athlete’s Foot

  • Hydrate your feet by using lotion
  • Exfoliate
  • Buff off nails
  • Use of anti-fungal products
  • Examine your feet and visit your doctor if any suspicious blisters or cuts develop

Athlete’s foot can cause many irritating symptoms such as dry and flaking skin, itching, and redness. Some more severe symptoms can include bleeding and cracked skin, intense itching and burning, and even pain when walking. In the worst cases, Athlete’s foot can cause blistering as well. Speak to your podiatrist for a better understanding of the different causes of Athlete’s foot, as well as help in determining which treatment options are best for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Sunday, 12 March 2023 00:00

Are You Suffering From Ingrown Toenails?

If left untreated, an ingrown toenail can lead to more serious concerns, such as an infection. Knowing proper nail care can help in the prevention of an ingrown toenail. Give us a call, and get treated!

A small bunion that forms on the side of the pinky toe is called a bunionette. Many people refer to this as a tailor’s bunion, and it occurs when the bottom bone on the pinky toe shifts or becomes larger. This name originated hundreds of years ago when tailors would work with their legs crossed, causing the pinky toes to touch the ground. This would cause a small bump to form on the base of the little toe. It often rubs against the shoe, causing pain and discomfort. A common reason for a tailor’s bunion to develop is from wearing shoes that do not fit correctly. Additionally, loose ligaments, tight calf muscles, or a foot that leans to the outside may be causes for a tailor’s bunion to form. Temporary relief may come from choosing shoes with adequate room in the toe area and wearing a protective pad over the bunion. If you have this condition, it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can provide you with permanent relief, which may include minor surgery for removal.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact Robert Stein, DPM of South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.

Causes

  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development

Symptoms

  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Tuesday, 28 February 2023 00:00

Causes and Symptoms of Turf Toe

A condition commonly called turf toe is the result of overextending the big toe joint. It happens when the toe is pushed too far toward the top of the foot. Picture a football player raising the heel of his foot to push off the ground and burst forward when the quarterback throws the ball. This overextension of what is known as the metatarsophalangeal joint, or MTP, combined with the weight of the body, can easily sprain the joint. Symptoms of turf toe include pain and tenderness to the touch, swelling and bruising, limited range of motion, and loose joints. You may not be able to move the joint without causing pain, and bruising may extend into the foot. In more severe cases, it may become difficult to put any weight on the big toe. Treatment for turf toe may include the necessity of wearing a protective boot, which will help to keep the MTP joint from bending. Diagnosis is often done through an MRI to determine the severity of the injury. Recovery may take up to eight weeks, and in severe cases surgery may be involved. For information about turf toe and its treatment, it is suggested that you seek the expertise of a podiatrist. 

Toe pain can disrupt your daily activities. If you have any concerns, contact Robert Stein, DPM of South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Causes Toe Pain?

Most severe toe pain is caused due to a sports injury, trauma from dropping something heavy on the toe, or bumping into something rigid. Other problems can develop over time for various reasons.

Toe pain can be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Trauma
  • Sports injury
  • Wearing shoes that are too tight
  • Arthritis
  • Gout
  • Corns and calluses
  • Hammertoe
  • Bunions
  • Blisters
  • Ingrown toenails
  • Sprains
  • Fractures (broken bones)
  • Dislocations

When to See a Podiatrist

  • Severe pain
  • Persistent pain that lasts more than a week
  • Signs of infection
  • Continued swelling
  • Pain that prevents walking

Diagnosis

In many cases the cause of toe pain is obvious, but in others, a podiatrist may want to use more advanced methods to determine the problem. These can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.

Treatment

Treatments for toe pain and injuries vary and may include shoe inserts, padding, taping, medicines, injections, and in some cases, surgery. If you believe that you have broken a toe, please see a podiatrist as soon as possible.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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The importance of maintaining proper foot care increases as the aging process occurs. This may be a result of walking or standing at various jobs throughout the years, in addition to possibly wearing shoes that do not fit correctly. Many elderly people have difficulty looking at the soles of their feet. This is imperative to do, as it is helpful in checking for existing cuts, scrapes, and bruises. There are patients who choose to have a family member or caregiver that can help them to accomplish this. When the toenails are properly trimmed weekly, it may help to prevent painful foot conditions, such as ingrown toenails, from developing. The feet can be protected by refraining from walking barefoot, and slowly increasing physical activity which is beneficial in improving blood circulation to the feet and legs. If you are interested in learning more about how to care for elderly feet, it is advised that you consult a podiatrist who can provide you with the knowledge you are seeking.

Proper foot care is something many older adults forget to consider. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact Robert Stein, DPM from South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

The Elderly and Their Feet

As we age we start to notice many changes in our body, but the elder population may not notice them right away. Medical conditions may prevent the elderly to take notice of their foot health right away. Poor vision is a lead contributor to not taking action for the elderly.

Common Conditions 

  • Neuropathy – can reduce feeling in the feet and can hide many life-threatening medical conditions.
  • Reduced flexibility – prevents the ability of proper toenail trimming, and foot cleaning. If left untreated, it may lead to further medical issues.
  • Foot sores – amongst the older population can be serious before they are discovered. Some of the problematic conditions they may face are:
  • Gouging toenails affecting nearby toe
  • Shoes that don’t fit properly
  • Pressure sores
  • Loss of circulation in legs & feet
  • Edema & swelling of feet and ankles

Susceptible Infections

Diabetes and poor circulation can cause general loss of sensitivity over the years, turning a simple cut into a serious issue.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 14 February 2023 00:00

A Serious Case of Swollen Feet

The body can provide hints to alert people that something potentially serious is going on in their bodies. Such signals take on different forms depending on the health issue experienced. Swelling of the feet is one such symptom that can be a flag of health problems. Peripheral edema, the term used to refer to swollen feet, is a gathering of fluid within the tissue of the feet. Swollen feet can be caused by prolonged periods of inactivity, walking for a long time, or hot, humid weather. They also can be caused by more serious underlying health conditions. Foot injuries, such as sprains and fractures often cause swelling. Lymphedema, when the lymphatic system is compromised and there is inefficient draining of fluid that collects in the lower limbs, can cause swelling in the feet. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease caused by wear and tear on joints and the breakdown of cartilage that can lead to the feet becoming swollen. Besides the fact that our feet are the source of our mobility, other health issues may be lurking behind swollen feet so taking care of them is critical. If you are experiencing prolonged swelling in your feet, it is suggested you see a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

Swollen feet can be a sign of an underlying condition. If you have any concerns, contact Robert Stein, DPM of South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Swollen feet are a common ailment among pregnant women and people who stand or sit for extended periods. Aging may increase the possibility of swollen feet and patients who are obese often notice when their feet are swelling too. There may be medical reasons why swollen feet occur:

  • Phlebitis - A condition that causes the veins to become inflamed and can also cause leg pain.
  • Liver disease - This may lead to low blood levels of albumin which is a protein. This can cause fluid in the blood to pass into the tissues and several areas of the body can become swollen.
  • Heart failure - When the heart doesn’t pump properly the blood that is normally pumped back to the heart can pool in the veins of the legs causing swollen feet.
  • Kidney disease - One of the main functions of the kidneys is releasing excess fluid in the body. This type of condition can make it difficult for the kidneys to function properly, and as a result the feet may become swollen.
  • Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT)- This is a serious condition where blood clots form in the veins of the legs. They can block the return of blood from the legs to the heart which may cause the feet to swell. It is important to be treated by a podiatrist if this condition is present.

Swollen feet can also be caused by bone and tendon conditions, including fractures, arthritis, and tendinitis. Additionally, there may be skin and toenail conditions and an infection may cause the feet to swell. Patients who take medicine to treat high blood pressure may be prone to getting swollen feet. 

Many patients elevate their feet to help relieve the swelling and this is generally a temporary remedy. When a podiatrist is consulted the reason behind the swelling can be uncovered and subsequently treated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.


 

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