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Thursday, 13 October 2022 00:00

Do Your Child's Feet Hurt?

Have your child's feet been examined lately? Healthy feet are happy feet. If your child is complaining of foot pain, it may be a sign of underlying problems.

Tuesday, 11 October 2022 00:00

Dealing With Stress Fractures of the Foot

Repetitive pressure on the feet can cause stress fractures, which are tiny hairline cracks in the bones. The long bones of the feet, known as metatarsals, are the most common location of stress fractures. Heavy training or exercising for long periods, such as getting ready for a marathon, increases the risk of getting stress fractures. Women are more likely to sustain stress fractures than men because of lower bone density. Symptoms, which usually develop slowly, include pain, swelling, and tenderness in the affected area. The first and best way to handle stress fractures is to stop the activity that caused them. If symptoms last more than a week after that, it is a good idea to see a podiatrist who can examine the feet using X-rays or other imaging tests. Once the severity of the fractures is understood, the podiatrist can offer further treatment solutions, including medication, a walking boot or brace, and in extreme cases, a cast or splint. As an active athlete, it may be wise to add a podiatrist to your medical team.

Stress fractures occur when there is a tiny crack within a bone. To learn more, contact Robert Stein, DPM from South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain free and on your feet.

How Are They Caused?

Stress fractures are the result of repetitive force being placed on the bone. Since the lower leg and feet often carry most of the body’s weight, stress fractures are likely to occur in these areas. If you rush into a new exercise, you are more likely to develop a stress fracture since you are starting too much, too soon.  Pain resulting from stress fractures may go unnoticed at first, however it may start to worsen over time.

Risk Factors

  • Gender – They are more commonly found in women compared to men.
  • Foot Problems – People with unusual arches in their feet are more likely to develop stress fractures.
  • Certain Sports – Dancers, gymnasts, tennis players, runners, and basketball players are more likely to develop stress fractures.
  • Lack of Nutrients – A lack of vitamin D and calcium may weaken the bones and make you more prone to stress fractures
  • Weak Bones – Osteoporosis can weaken the bones therefore resulting in stress fractures

Stress fractures do not always heal properly, so it is important that you seek help from a podiatrist if you suspect you may have one. Ignoring your stress fracture may cause it to worsen, and you may develop chronic pain as well as additional fractures.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle
Tuesday, 04 October 2022 00:00

Why Do Plantar Warts Grow Inward?

Plantar warts grow inward on the sole of the foot as a result of the weight the feet endure from standing and walking throughout the day. A plantar wart is a specific strain of the human papillomavirus (HPV) and is contagious. It lives and thrives in warm and moist environments, which often include public swimming pools and locker rooms. Patients with a weakened immune system may be more susceptible to getting a plantar wart. This wart appears as a hardened area of the skin on the bottom of the foot and may have small black dots in the center. The warts can cause severe pain and discomfort, and prompt medical attention is often needed for relief. Part of the diagnosis process may consist of cutting away a small area of the wart and sending it to a lab for a biopsy. If you have developed a plantar wart, it is strongly advised that you confer with a podiatrist who can offer you the correct treatment options for relief.

Plantar warts can be very uncomfortable. If you need your feet checked, contact Robert Stein, DPM from South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.

About Plantar Warts

Plantar warts are the result of HPV, or human papillomavirus, getting into open wounds on the feet. They are mostly found on the heels or balls of the feet.

While plantar warts are generally harmless, those experiencing excessive pain or those suffering from diabetes or a compromised immune system require immediate medical care. Plantar warts are easily diagnosed, usually through scraping off a bit of rough skin or by getting a biopsy.

Symptoms

  • Lesions on the bottom of your feet, usually rough and grainy
  • Hard or thick callused spots
  • Wart seeds, which are small clotted blood vessels that look like little black spots
  • Pain, discomfort, or tenderness of your feet when walking or standing

Treatment

  • Freezing
  • Electric tool removal
  • Laser Treatment
  • Topical Creams (prescription only)
  • Over-the-counter medications

To help prevent developing plantar warts, avoid walking barefoot over abrasive surfaces that can cause cuts or wounds for HPV to get into. Avoiding direct contact with other warts, as well as not picking or rubbing existing warts, can help prevent the further spread of plantar warts. However, if you think you have developed plantar warts, speak to your podiatrist. He or she can diagnose the warts on your feet and recommend the appropriate treatment options.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What Are Plantar Warts?
Tuesday, 27 September 2022 00:00

A Heel Spur May Be Misdiagnosed

As small as a heel spur is, it can bring severe pain and discomfort to the patient. It is a bony protrusion that may be pointed and is found underneath the heel. It is a calcium build-up, and can gradually come from wearing shoes that do not fit correctly. Many times a heel spur may be misdiagnosed as plantar fasciitis, which is another condition that affects the heel. A diagnosis consists of undergoing an examination that can determine how tender the heel is, in addition to possibly having an X-ray taken. There are patients who find mild relief when anti-inflammatory medications are taken, despite being a temporary fix. Another option that may be considered are custom-made orthotics, and these may help to diminish pressure on the Achilles tendon. If you have heel pain, it is strongly suggested that a podiatrist is consulted who can determine what the cause is, and offer correct treatment options. 

Heel spurs can be incredibly painful and sometimes may make you unable to participate in physical activities. To get medical care for your heel spurs, contact Robert Stein, DPM from South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor will do everything possible to treat your condition.

Heels Spurs

Heel spurs are formed by calcium deposits on the back of the foot where the heel is. This can also be caused by small fragments of bone breaking off one section of the foot, attaching onto the back of the foot. Heel spurs can also be bone growth on the back of the foot and may grow in the direction of the arch of the foot.

Older individuals usually suffer from heel spurs and pain sometimes intensifies with age. One of the main condition's spurs are related to is plantar fasciitis.

Pain

The pain associated with spurs is often because of weight placed on the feet. When someone is walking, their entire weight is concentrated on the feet. Bone spurs then have the tendency to affect other bones and tissues around the foot. As the pain continues, the feet will become tender and sensitive over time.

Treatments

There are many ways to treat heel spurs. If one is suffering from heel spurs in conjunction with pain, there are several methods for healing. Medication, surgery, and herbal care are some options.

If you have any questions feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

Read more about How to Treat Heel Spurs
Tuesday, 20 September 2022 00:00

What Causes Pain in the Ball of the Foot?

The forefoot is a third of the foot which is closest to the toes. Pain in this area, sometimes referred to as metatarsalgia, often centers on the ball of the foot and the toes. Causes include bunions or other misalignment of the toes, rheumatoid arthritis, or a buildup of calluses. Another common cause is sesamoiditis, an inflammation of two tiny bones near the toes, called sesamoids. This is often seen in dancers, runners, and athletes who apply pressure when flexing the toes. Morton’s neuroma is another cause, which damages nerves that run between the toes. Pain and a burning sensation from this condition is generally located between the 3rd and 4th toes. This is more common in women, especially those who wear high heels with pointy toes. Being overweight, stress fractures, and high arches can also contribute to metatarsalgia.  Forefoot pain usually gets worse when walking, standing, and running, or when the foot is flexed. To have your forefoot pain properly diagnosed, please visit a podiatrist.

Foot Pain

Foot pain can be extremely painful and debilitating. If you have a foot pain, consult with Robert Stein, DPM from South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Causes

Foot pain is a very broad condition that could be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Bunions
  • Hammertoes
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Bone Spurs
  • Corns
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Ingrown Toenails
  • Arthritis (such as Gout, Rheumatoid, and Osteoarthritis)
  • Flat Feet
  • Injury (from stress fractures, broken toe, foot, ankle, Achilles tendon ruptures, and sprains)
  • And more

Diagnosis

To figure out the cause of foot pain, podiatrists utilize several different methods. This can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.

Treatment

Treatment depends upon the cause of the foot pain. Whether it is resting, staying off the foot, or having surgery; podiatrists have a number of treatment options available for foot pain.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Foot Pain
Wednesday, 14 September 2022 00:00

Different Types of Foot and Ankle Surgeries

Foot or ankle surgery can be recommended by a podiatrist to relieve pain, correct a foot deformity, or restore function to a foot or ankle. It is often a last resort, after more conservative treatments are prescribed. Such surgery is usually elective and takes place in a podiatrist’s office, in a hospital, or a surgery center. Whether or not surgery is suggested depends on one’s age, medical history, and insurance coverage. Once surgery is done, the patient must follow instructions for the foot or ankle to heal properly and without complications. Foot surgeries can include toenail removal, and arthroscopic foot or ankle surgery. This is a type of endoscopy that allows a doctor to investigate an area of the body without cutting it open. Additional types of surgeries can consist of plantar fascia release, and ankle fusion or replacement. If you have foot or ankle problems and pain interferes with your daily life, see a podiatrist for proper diagnosis and treatment. Surgery may be appropriate if other treatments are ineffective.

Foot surgery is sometimes necessary to treat a foot ailment. To learn more, contact Robert Stein, DPM of South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.

When Is Surgery Necessary?

Foot and ankle surgery is generally reserved for cases in which less invasive, conservative procedures have failed to alleviate the problem. Some of the cases in which surgery may be necessary include:

  • Removing foot deformities like bunions and bone spurs
  • Severe arthritis that has caused bone issues
  • Cosmetic reconstruction

What Types of Surgery Are There?

The type of surgery you receive will depend on the nature of the problem you have. Some of the possible surgeries include:

  • Bunionectomy for painful bunions
  • Surgical fusion for realignment of bones
  • Neuropathy decompression surgery to treat nerve damage

Benefits of Surgery

Although surgery is usually a last resort, it can provide more complete pain relief compared to non-surgical methods and may allow you to finally resume full activity.

Surgical techniques have also become increasingly sophisticated. Techniques like endoscopic surgery allow for smaller incisions and faster recovery times.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Foot Surgery
Tuesday, 13 September 2022 00:00

Wounds That Don't Heal Need to Be Checked

Your feet are covered most of the day. If you're diabetic, periodic screening is important for good health. Numbness is often a sign of diabetic foot and can mask a sore or wound.

Wednesday, 07 September 2022 00:00

Balance Exercises for Seniors

Exercises to improve your balance as you age can also contribute to a healthier life in general. In addition to improving posture, stability, and coordination, balance exercises can lower the risk of being injured through falls. Studies find that after six weeks of balance exercises, seniors also improved their coordination, leg strength, and ankle mobility. Experts recommend that seniors perform two or three sets of exercises a week, but it is always wise to check in with a medical professional beforehand. Here are two simple balance exercises you can try. Weight shift: Stand with legs hip-width apart, shift the weight to one foot, and then lift the other foot. Hold for 30 seconds. You may wish to keep a chair nearby, or lightly touch the wall if needed. Repeat on the other foot. Do this three times. Even if you need a walker, there are some exercises you can do. Marching: Stand with hands on the walker and lift one knee, then lower and lift the other knee. Repeat 20 times. For more information on how to improve your balance and lower the risk of falling, please consult a podiatrist.

Preventing falls among the elderly is very important. If you are older and have fallen or fear that you are prone to falling, consult with Robert Stein, DPM from South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality advice and care.

Every 11 seconds, an elderly American is being treated in an emergency room for a fall related injury. Falls are the leading cause of head and hip injuries for those 65 and older. Due to decreases in strength, balance, senses, and lack of awareness, elderly persons are very susceptible to falling. Thankfully, there are a number of things older persons can do to prevent falls.

How to Prevent Falls

Some effective methods that older persons can do to prevent falls include:

  • Enrolling in strength and balance exercise program to increase balance and strength
  • Periodically having your sight and hearing checked
  • Discuss any medications you have with a doctor to see if it increases the risk of falling
  • Clearing the house of falling hazards and installing devices like grab bars and railings
  • Utilizing a walker or cane
  • Wearing shoes that provide good support and cushioning
  • Talking to family members about falling and increasing awareness

Falling can be a traumatic and embarrassing experience for elderly persons; this can make them less willing to leave the house, and less willing to talk to someone about their fears of falling. Doing such things, however, will increase the likelihood of tripping or losing one’s balance. Knowing the causes of falling and how to prevent them is the best way to mitigate the risk of serious injury.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Falls Prevention

Older adults are at an increased risk of developing foot problems. If you have heel pain or pain that is located at the back of your feet, chances are that it may be one of three conditions: plantar fasciitis, bursitis, or an Achilles tendon injury. Plantar fasciitis is the most common form of heel pain. This occurs when the plantar fascia tissue on the bottom of the foot gets injured or irritated and inflamed, typically through overuse. Plantar fasciitis pain is usually more intense in the morning or after periods of rest. Your podiatrist may treat it with custom orthotics, physical therapy, corticosteroid injections, shockwave therapy, or by other means. Bursitis is an inflammatory condition that affects the bursa sac between your Achilles tendon and heel bone at the back of your foot. This is a fluid filled sac that cushions joints and bones, helps protect the tendon, and reduces friction. This bursa can become inflamed, painful, swollen, or red from repetitive motions or direct pressure. The Achilles tendon can suffer from various injuries such as ruptures, tendonitis, or enthesopathy, which are typically caused by intense or repetitive strain on the tendon. If you feel any of the symptoms described here, have a podiatrist examine you and perform whatever tests are necessary to properly diagnose your condition and devise an effective treatment plan. 

Many people suffer from bouts of heel pain. For more information, contact Robert Stein, DPM of South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Causes of Heel Pain

Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.

Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.

Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.

Why Might Heel Pain Occur?

  • Wearing ill-fitting shoes                  
  • Wearing non-supportive shoes
  • Weight change           
  • Excessive running

Treatments

Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress-free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a condition of the past.

If you have any questions please contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Heel Pain
Tuesday, 23 August 2022 00:00

The Ankle Joint

A common injury to the bones surrounding the ankle joint is a broken ankle. This is a complex joint because it is the point where three bones are joined. There are two bones above the joint that are called the tibia and the fibula, and below the joint is where the talus is located. When patients have a broken ankle, it is generally the tibia or fibula that becomes fractured. This type of break may be treated without surgery if the ankle joints remain stable. Symptoms that many people can experience with a broken ankle include swelling and bruising, and it is often difficult to walk. An X-ray is typically performed to provide an accurate diagnosis, and this is preceded by having the correct treatment begin. A cast or a boot is often recommended to provide accurate stability as the healing process occurs. If you have broken your ankle, please confer with a podiatrist who can guide you toward the correct treatment options. 

Broken ankles need immediate treatment. If you are seeking treatment, contact Robert Stein, DPM from South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet. 

Broken Ankles
A broken ankle is experienced when a person fractures their tibia or fibula in the lower leg and ankle area. Both of these bones are attached at the bottom of the leg and combine to form what we know to be our ankle.

When a physician is referring to a break of the ankle, he or she is usually referring to a break in the area where the tibia and fibula are joined to create our ankle joint. Ankles are more prone to fractures because the ankle is an area that suffers a lot of pressure and stress. There are some obvious signs when a person experiences a fractured ankle, and the following symptoms may be present.

Symptoms of a Fractured Ankle

  • Excessive pain when the area is touched or when any pressure is placed on the ankle
  •  Swelling around the area
  •  Bruising of the area
  • Area appears to be deformed

If you suspect an ankle fracture, it is recommended to seek treatment as soon as possible. The sooner you have your podiatrist diagnose the fracture, the quicker you’ll be on the way towards recovery.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about All About Broken Ankle
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