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Tuesday, 20 February 2024 00:00

Understanding the Discomfort Behind Ankle Pain

Ankle pain can stem from various underlying factors, impacting mobility and daily activities. The ankle joint, comprising bones, ligaments, tendons, and muscles, facilitates essential movements like walking, running, and jumping. When this complex structure experiences stress, injury, or inflammation, it can result in discomfort and restricted movement. Common causes of ankle pain include sprains, caused by sudden twists or impacts that overstress the ligaments, and strains, which involve the stretching or tearing of muscles or tendons surrounding the ankle joint. Additionally, conditions such as arthritis, tendonitis, and fractures can contribute to persistent ankle pain, necessitating medical attention and intervention. Poor footwear choices, overuse during physical activities, and underlying health conditions can also make ankle discomfort worse. If you have ankle pain, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist who can determine what the cause is and offer appropriate treatment methods.

Ankle pain can have many different causes and the pain may potentially be serious. If you have ankle pain, consult with Robert Stein, DPM from South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Ankle pain is any condition that causes pain in the ankle. Due to the fact that the ankle consists of tendons, muscles, bones, and ligaments, ankle pain can come from a number of different conditions.

Causes

The most common causes of ankle pain include:

  • Types of arthritis (rheumatoid, osteoarthritis, and gout)
  • Ankle sprains
  • Broken ankles
  • Achilles tendinitis
  • Achilles tendon rupture
  • Stress fractures
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome
  • Plantar fasciitis

Symptoms

Symptoms of ankle injury vary based upon the condition. Pain may include general pain and discomfort, swelling, aching, redness, bruising, burning or stabbing sensations, and/or loss of sensation.

Diagnosis

Due to the wide variety of potential causes of ankle pain, podiatrists will utilize a number of different methods to properly diagnose ankle pain. This can include asking for personal and family medical histories and of any recent injuries. Further diagnosis may include sensation tests, a physical examination, and potentially x-rays or other imaging tests.

Treatment

Just as the range of causes varies widely, so do treatments. Some more common treatments are rest, ice packs, keeping pressure off the foot, orthotics and braces, medication for inflammation and pain, and surgery.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

Read more about Ankle Pain
Tuesday, 13 February 2024 00:00

Surgical Options for Hammertoe

Hammertoe, a deformity characterized by curled or flexed toes, may necessitate surgical intervention when conservative treatments fail to provide relief. Surgical hammertoe options include bone resection to remove portions of toe bones, tendon procedures involving manipulation or transplantation to correct the imbalance, and joint fusion to stabilize the toe. Following surgery, pins or wires may be used temporarily to maintain alignment during healing, with patients transitioning to supportive footwear to aid recovery. Surgical considerations are driven by functional impairment and pain, with persistent symptoms such as pain, irritation, and skin complications warranting consideration for intervention. However, surgery may not be recommended if conservative measures suffice or if the risks outweigh the benefits. It is important to explore all treatment plans before deciding on whether to have surgery. For this reason, if you have a hammertoe that is impeding your daily activities, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist.

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact Robert Stein, DPM of South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that occurs due to an imbalance in the muscles, tendons, or ligaments that normally hold the toe straight. It can be caused by the type of shoes you wear, your foot structure, trauma, and certain disease processes.

Symptoms

  • Painful and/or difficult toe movement
  • Swelling
  • Joint stiffness
  • Calluses/Corns
  • Physical deformity

Risk Factors

  • Age – The risk of hammertoe increases with age
  • Sex – Women are more likely to have hammertoe compared to men
  • Toe Length – You are more likely to develop hammertoe if your second toe is longer than your big toe
  • Certain Diseases – Arthritis and diabetes may make you more likely to develop hammertoe

Treatment

If you have hammertoe, you should change into a more comfortable shoe that provides enough room for your toes. Exercises such as picking up marbles may strengthen and stretch your toe muscles. Nevertheless, it is important to seek assistance from a podiatrist in order to determine the severity of your hammertoe and see which treatment option will work best for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Hammertoe
Friday, 09 February 2024 00:00

Plantar Warts Can Be Treated!

Plantar warts are small growths that develop on parts of the feet that bear weight. They're typically found on the bottom of the foot. Don't live with plantar warts, and call us today!

Tuesday, 06 February 2024 00:00

How Rheumatoid Arthritis Affects the Feet

Rheumatoid arthritis, or RA, is an autoimmune disorder that has a profound effect on various joints, and the feet are not exempt from its reach. The chronic inflammation triggered by RA can lead to debilitating consequences for the feet, impacting their structure and function. The joints in the feet can become swollen, tender, and painful, making even simple movements a challenge. Over time, RA may cause deformities, such as bunions and hammertoes, altering the alignment of the feet. The condition also targets the synovium, a membrane surrounding joints, leading to the development of nodules. These nodules can form in the feet, further complicating already compromised mobility. Individuals grappling with RA often find themselves contending with stiffness and reduced range of motion in their feet, significantly affecting their quality of life. If you have foot pain that may be linked to RA, it is strongly suggested that you be under the care of a podiatrist who can determine what the best relief and management options are for you.

Because RA affects more than just your joints, including the joints in your feet and ankles, it is important to seek early diagnosis from your podiatrist if you feel like the pain in your feet might be caused by RA. For more information, contact Robert Stein, DPM of South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor will assist you with all of your podiatric concerns.

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s own immune system attacks the membranes surrounding the joints. Inflammation of the lining and eventually the destruction of the joint’s cartilage and bone occur, causing severe pain and immobility.

Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Feet

Although RA usually attacks multiple bones and joints throughout the entire body, almost 90 percent of cases result in pain in the foot or ankle area.

Symptoms

  • Swelling and pain in the feet
  • Stiffness in the feet
  • Pain on the ball or sole of feet
  • Joint shift and deformation

Diagnosis

Quick diagnosis of RA in the feet is important so that the podiatrist can treat the area effectively. Your doctor will ask you about your medical history, occupation, and lifestyle to determine the origin of the condition. Rheumatoid Factor tests help to determine if someone is affected by the disease.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Rheumatoid Arthritis in the Feet
Tuesday, 30 January 2024 00:00

Choosing the Right Ankle Brace

Selecting the appropriate ankle brace is akin to navigating a complex landscape, especially given the diverse needs of athletes. Ankle injuries demand tailored solutions, and understanding the attributes of each brace type is important. Sleeves, while the least stable, offer comfort and are suitable for first-line treatment. Straps, popular among athletes, involve cloth straps that create a heel-lock figure-eight, yet their complexity can lead to adherence issues. Stirrups, popular in the 90s, now find use in splints and controlled ankle motion. Lace-ups, the original stable design, have evolved with improvements in functionality and comfort. Hybrid braces, combining features of sleeves, straps, stirrups, and lace-ups, offer both comfort and stability, but come at a higher cost. The choice among these types depends on factors such as the athlete's position, preferences, and the specific injury or condition being addressed. It is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist to find the most suitable brace for you.

Sports related foot and ankle injuries require proper treatment before players can go back to their regular routines. For more information, contact Robert Stein, DPM of South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Sports Related Foot and Ankle Injuries

Foot and ankle injuries are a common occurrence when it comes to athletes of any sport. While many athletes dismiss the initial aches and pains, the truth is that ignoring potential foot and ankle injuries can lead to serious problems. As athletes continue to place pressure and strain the area further, a mild injury can turn into something as serious as a rupture and may lead to a permanent disability. There are many factors that contribute to sports related foot and ankle injuries, which include failure to warm up properly, not providing support or wearing bad footwear. Common injuries and conditions athletes face, including:

  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Plantar Fasciosis
  • Achilles Tendinitis
  • Achilles Tendon Rupture
  • Ankle Sprains

Sports related injuries are commonly treated using the RICE method. This includes rest, applying ice to the injured area, compression and elevating the ankle. More serious sprains and injuries may require surgery, which could include arthroscopic and reconstructive surgery. Rehabilitation and therapy may also be required in order to get any recovering athlete to become fully functional again. Any unusual aches and pains an athlete sustains must be evaluated by a licensed, reputable medical professional.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Sports Related Foot and Ankle Injuries
Tuesday, 23 January 2024 00:00

Causes of Cuboid Syndrome

Cuboid syndrome is a condition resulting from joint and ligament injury surrounding the cuboid bone, one of the foot's seven tarsal bones. It causes lateral foot pain, often around the middle of the foot or at the base of the 4th and 5th toes. Diagnosis is challenging due to its non-specific symptoms and for that reason cuboid syndrome can be mistaken for stress fractures. A podiatrist will rely on a physical exam and medical history, as imaging may not always reveal cuboid syndrome. This condition occurs when the cuboid bone partially dislocates, typically due to sudden injury or overuse, common among athletes and dancers. Symptoms include lateral foot pain worsened by weight-bearing, limited mobility, and possible swelling. Causes include overuse, ankle sprains, pronated feet, rapid side-to-side movements, poorly fitting shoes, and inadequate rest. Treatment involves rest, elevation, compression and professional manipulations such as the cuboid whip or squeeze. If you have chronic foot pain, it is strongly suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist to uncover the cause and offer appropriate treatment.

Cuboid syndrome, also known as cuboid subluxation, occurs when the joints and ligaments near the cuboid bone in the foot become torn. If you have cuboid syndrome, consult with Robert Stein, DPM from South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Cuboid syndrome is a common cause of lateral foot pain, which is pain on the outside of the foot. The condition may happen suddenly due to an ankle sprain, or it may develop slowly overtime from repetitive tension through the bone and surrounding structures.

Causes

The most common causes of cuboid syndrome include:

  • Injury – The most common cause of this ailment is an ankle sprain.
  • Repetitive Strain – Tension placed through the peroneus longus muscle from repetitive activities such as jumping and running may cause excessive traction on the bone causing it to sublux.
  • Altered Foot Biomechanics – Most people suffering from cuboid subluxation have flat feet.

Symptoms

A common symptom of cuboid syndrome is pain along the outside of the foot which can be felt in the ankle and toes. This pain may create walking difficulties and may cause those with the condition to walk with a limp.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of cuboid syndrome is often difficult, and it is often misdiagnosed. X-rays, MRIs and CT scans often fail to properly show the cuboid subluxation. Although there isn’t a specific test used to diagnose cuboid syndrome, your podiatrist will usually check if pain is felt while pressing firmly on the cuboid bone of your foot.

Treatment

Just as the range of causes varies widely, so do treatments. Some more common treatments are ice therapy, rest, exercise, taping, and orthotics.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

Read more about Cuboid Syndrome
Tuesday, 16 January 2024 00:00

Poor Circulation and the Feet

Poor circulation in the feet, often a symptom of underlying health conditions such as diabetes or peripheral artery disease, can lead to a variety of foot-related issues. Symptoms can include cold feet, numbness, changes in skin color, and slow wound healing. Without adequate blood flow, feet may not receive enough oxygen and nutrients, which can cause discomfort and increase the risk of infections and ulcers. It is important to manage underlying conditions, maintain a healthy lifestyle, and regularly check your feet for any changes or signs of problems. If you have symptoms of poor foot circulation, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist who can diagnose what the cause is, and offer effective treatment options.

Poor circulation is a serious condition and needs immediate medical attention. If you have any concerns with poor circulation in your feet contact Robert Stein, DPM of South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Poor Circulation in the Feet

Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs is can be caused by peripheral artery disease (PAD), which is the result of a buildup of plaque in the arteries.

Plaque buildup or atherosclerosis results from excess calcium and cholesterol in the bloodstream. This can restrict the amount of blood which can flow through the arteries. Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs are sometimes caused by inflammation in the blood vessels, known as vasculitis.

Causes

Lack of oxygen and oxygen from poor blood circulation restricts muscle growth and development. It can also cause:

  • Muscle pain, stiffness, or weakness   
  • Numbness or cramping in the legs 
  • Skin discoloration
  • Slower nail & hair growth
  • Erectile dysfunction

Those who have diabetes or smoke are at greatest risk for poor circulation, as are those who are over 50. If you have poor circulation in the feet and legs it may be caused by PAD and is important to make changes to your lifestyle in order to reduce risk of getting a heart attack or stroke. Exercise and maintaining a healthy lifestyle will dramatically improve conditions.

As always, see a podiatrist as he or she will assist in finding a regimen that suits you. A podiatrist can also prescribe you any needed medication. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment of Poor Blood Circulation in the Feet
Wednesday, 10 January 2024 00:00

Gout Pain Can Be Managed

Gout is a painful, inflammatory form of arthritis. Those affected will typically feel an intense stiffness in the joints of their feet, particularly in the big toe. Schedule a visit to learn about how gout can be managed and treated.

Tuesday, 09 January 2024 00:00

Facts About Children's Feet

Children's feet, delightful in their petite size, are fascinating in their own right. At birth, a baby's foot bones are mostly cartilage and do not fully ossify until several years later. Another interesting fact is that infants often have a natural ability to grasp with their toes, a trait that gradually diminishes as they start walking. As children explore the world on their feet, the arches of their feet, initially flat, gradually develop over time. Surprisingly, toddlers can have as many as 44 more bones in their feet than adults, until their bones fuse as they grow. Additionally, children's feet are remarkably resilient, often bouncing back quickly from minor injuries. If you have identified potential problems related to your child's feet, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist.

The health of a child’s feet is vital to their overall well-being. If you have any questions regarding foot health, contact Robert Stein, DPM of South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tips for Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

  • Make sure their shoes fit properly
  • Look for any signs of in-toeing or out-toeing
  • Check to see if they have Clubfoot (condition that affects your child’s foot and ankle, twisting the heel and toes inward) which is one of the most common nonmajor birth defects.
  • Lightly cover your baby’s feet (Tight covers may keep your baby from moving their feet freely, and could prevent normal development)
  • Allow your toddler to go shoeless (Shoes can be restricting for a young child’s foot)
  • Cut toenails straight across to avoid ingrown toenails
  • Keep your child’s foot clean and dry
  • Cover cuts and scrapes. Wash any scratches with soap and water and cover them with a bandage until they’ve healed.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about What to Do to Keep Your Child’s Feet Healthy
Tuesday, 02 January 2024 00:00

Choosing the Right Shoes for Retail Workers

In the dynamic world of retail, where hours on one's feet and constant movement are the norm, the significance of wearing proper footwear cannot be overstated. Retail workers face the daily challenge of balancing customer service, stocking shelves, and navigating various surfaces. The right shoes play a vital role in promoting comfort, reducing fatigue, and preventing potential foot problems. Opting for supportive footwear with adequate arch and heel support can alleviate the stress on the feet and lower limbs during prolonged periods of standing. Additionally, shoes with non-slip soles provide essential traction on polished retail floors, minimizing the risk of slips and falls. Considering the diverse tasks and environments encountered in retail, shoes with breathable materials contribute to overall foot health by reducing moisture and the likelihood of discomfort. If you are experiencing foot problems related to your retail job, it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can provide you with treatment options and information on proper footwear.

While working on the feet, it is important to take the proper care of them. For more information about working on your feet, contact Robert Stein, DPM from South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Working on Your Feet

Standing on your feet for long periods of time can cause stress and pain in your feet. Your whole body may experience change in terms of posture, back pain, bunions, callouses and or plantar warts. There are ways to avoid these conditions with proper foot care, smart choices and correct posture.

Positive Changes

Negative heeled shoe – Choosing this shoe type places the heel slightly lower than the ball of the foot. These are great for overall foot health. Find shoes that fit you correctly.

Go barefoot – Our feet were not designed to be enclosed for all hours of the day. Try to periodically expose your feet to air.

Eliminate Pain

Foot Exercises – Performing simple exercises, incorporating yoga and doing stretches are beneficial. This will allow increased blood flow to the area and muscles of the foot.

Achilles tendon – Stretching the foot out flat on the floor will relax the calf muscles and tendon. These exercises can be performed almost anywhere. Make sure you add these exercises to your daily regimen. 

With a little bit of this information and knowing more about foot health, you will notice changes. Foot stretches and proper footwear will help with pain and prevent further issues.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about How to Handle a Long Work Day on Your Feet
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