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Tuesday, 11 June 2024 00:00

The Intricacies of Foot Anatomy

The human foot is a marvel of engineering, comprising a complex interplay of bones, muscles, ligaments, and blood vessels that work seamlessly to support our weight, absorb shock, and propel us forward. At the heart of this structure lies the arch, which acts as a natural shock absorber, distributing forces evenly as we walk, run, or stand. Supporting the arch are muscles and ligaments that form a dynamic system, constantly adjusting to maintain balance and stability. Meanwhile, the toes play a vital role in balance and propelling us forward, while gripping the ground with each step and helping us navigate uneven terrain. Beneath the surface, a network of blood vessels ensures adequate oxygen and nutrients reach the tissues, supporting their function and repair. Foot pain can happen for a variety of reasons, and it may be connected to a mishap or a foot deformity. If you have foot pain for any reason, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist who is an expert in treating such conditions.

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Robert Stein, DPM from South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about The Importance of Biomechanics in Podiatry
Sunday, 09 June 2024 00:00

It's Time for Beautiful Feet

You don't need an excuse to have beautiful nails. Step outside without worrying about the appearance of your feet.

Tuesday, 04 June 2024 00:00

Sesamoiditis and Bone Pain in the Feet

Sesamoiditis, a condition caused by inflammation of the sesamoid bones located beneath the big toe joint, can pose significant discomfort and mobility challenges. These small, pea-sized bones play a vital role in weight-bearing and stabilizing the foot during activities like walking and running. When subjected to excessive pressure or repetitive stress, the sesamoid bones may become inflamed, leading to symptoms such as sharp or dull pain beneath the big toe joint, and swelling. Sesamoiditis typically manifests as a gradual onset of pain, worsening with activity and improving with rest. Activities that involve pushing off the toes, such as jumping or running, may worsen symptoms. Diagnosis of sesamoiditis involves a comprehensive evaluation by a podiatrist, including a physical examination and possibly imaging tests such as X-rays or MRI scans. If you have pain under the big toe, it is suggested that you contact a podiatrist who can provide you with effective treatment solutions.

Sesamoiditis is an unpleasant foot condition characterized by pain in the balls of the feet. If you think you’re struggling with sesamoiditis, contact Robert Stein, DPM of South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor will treat your condition thoroughly and effectively.

Sesamoiditis

Sesamoiditis is a condition of the foot that affects the ball of the foot. It is more common in younger people than it is in older people. It can also occur with people who have begun a new exercise program, since their bodies are adjusting to the new physical regimen. Pain may also be caused by the inflammation of tendons surrounding the bones. It is important to seek treatment in its early stages because if you ignore the pain, this condition can lead to more serious problems such as severe irritation and bone fractures.

Causes of Sesamoiditis

  • Sudden increase in activity
  • Increase in physically strenuous movement without a proper warm up or build up
  • Foot structure: those who have smaller, bonier feet or those with a high arch may be more susceptible

Treatment for sesamoiditis is non-invasive and simple. Doctors may recommend a strict rest period where the patient forgoes most physical activity. This will help give the patient time to heal their feet through limited activity. For serious cases, it is best to speak with your doctor to determine a treatment option that will help your specific needs.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Sesamoiditis

Discovering you have osteoarthritis in your feet and ankles can be disconcerting, but understanding how it affects your body is the first step toward managing it effectively. Osteoarthritis, the most common type of arthritis, can also impact any joint, including those in your feet and ankles. In the foot, the big toe is often the primary site of osteoarthritis. This condition occurs when the normal cycle of joint damage and repair is disrupted, leading to changes in joint structure and function. The damage primarily affects the cartilage, causing pain, swelling, and sometimes bone-on-bone friction during movement. Genetics, joint injuries, and certain medical conditions can increase your risk of developing osteoarthritis. Symptoms vary but can commonly include pain, swelling, stiffness, and even audible noises like crunching or grating when moving the affected joints. If you suspect you have osteoarthritis in your feet or ankles, seeking prompt evaluation and treatment from a podiatrist is important. Left untreated, osteoarthritis can lead to complications like a stiff big toe, bunions, corns and calluses, which can further impair mobility and the quality of life. If you believe you have symptoms of osteoarthritis, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for an exam and treatment options tailored to your needs. 

Arthritis can be a difficult condition to live with. If you are seeking treatment, contact Robert Stein, DPM from South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Arthritic Foot Care  

Arthritis is a term that is commonly used to describe joint pain.  The condition itself can occur to anyone of any age, race, or gender, and there are over 100 types of it.  Nevertheless, arthritis is more commonly found in women compared to men, and it is also more prevalent in those who are overweight. The causes of arthritis vary depending on which type of arthritis you have. Osteoarthritis for example, is often caused by injury, while rheumatoid arthritis is caused by a misdirected immune system.

Symptoms

  • Swelling
  • Pain
  • Stiffness
  • Decreased Range of Motion

Arthritic symptoms range in severity, and they may come and go. Some symptoms stay the same for several years but could potentially get worse with time. Severe cases of arthritis can prevent its sufferers from performing daily activities and make walking difficult.

Risk Factors

  • Occupation – Occupations requiring repetitive knee movements have been linked to osteoarthritis
  • Obesity – Excess weight can contribute to osteoarthritis development
  • Infection – Microbial agents can infect the joints and trigger arthritis
  • Joint Injuries – Damage to joints may lead to osteoarthritis
  • Age – Risk increases with age
  • Gender –Most types are more common in women
  • Genetics – Arthritis can be hereditary

If you suspect your arthritis is affecting your feet, it is crucial that you see a podiatrist immediately. Your doctor will be able to address your specific case and help you decide which treatment method is best for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about How to Care for Your Arthritic Foot
Tuesday, 21 May 2024 00:00

Pain in the Ball of the Foot

Understanding and addressing pain in the ball of the foot, medically termed metatarsalgia, is essential for maintaining mobility and overall foot health. Various factors, such as Freiberg disease, metatarsal stress fractures, and nerve damage like Morton neuroma, can contribute to discomfort in this area. Additionally, conditions like sesamoiditis, and age-related changes, such as thinning of the fat pad cushion, may worsen symptoms. Consulting a podiatrist for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plans can help. Non-invasive measures, including footwear adjustments and custom orthotic devices, are often effective in alleviating pressure on affected areas. Additionally, injections of anesthetics or corticosteroids may provide temporary relief by reducing inflammation and muscle spasms. When conservative approaches fail to combat metatarsalgia, surgical intervention may be necessary to restore joint function and alleviate persistent pain. It is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist if you suffer from consistent pain in the ball of the foot.

Foot Pain

Foot pain can be extremely painful and debilitating. If you have a foot pain, consult with Robert Stein, DPM from South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Causes

Foot pain is a very broad condition that could be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Bunions
  • Hammertoes
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Bone Spurs
  • Corns
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Ingrown Toenails
  • Arthritis (such as Gout, Rheumatoid, and Osteoarthritis)
  • Flat Feet
  • Injury (from stress fractures, broken toe, foot, ankle, Achilles tendon ruptures, and sprains)
  • And more

Diagnosis

To figure out the cause of foot pain, podiatrists utilize several different methods. This can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.

Treatment

Treatment depends upon the cause of the foot pain. Whether it is resting, staying off the foot, or having surgery; podiatrists have a number of treatment options available for foot pain.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Peripheral neuropathy, a complication of diabetes, occurs when high levels of fats or sugar in the blood damage nerves throughout the body, particularly in the extremities like the feet and hands. Symptoms include numbness, tingling, pain, and loss of sensation in these areas. Peripheral neuropathy often progresses gradually and can be unnoticed until its more advanced stages. Diagnosis involves a thorough physical examination by a podiatrist to assess reflexes, sensation loss, and skin changes. Additional tests like electromyograms, EMG, or nerve conduction velocity tests, abbreviated NCV, may be required for confirmation. While there is no cure for peripheral neuropathy, managing blood sugar levels is the best way to slow its progression. Treatment focuses on alleviating symptoms and preventing complications, such as ulcers. It is important to seek care from a podiatrist, a doctor who specializes in foot and ankle health, for comprehensive management of peripheral neuropathy. To help maintain mobility and prevent complications like ulcers and amputations, it is suggested that you include a podiatrist in your medical team.

Neuropathy

Neuropathy can be a potentially serious condition, especially if it is left undiagnosed. If you have any concerns that you may be experiencing nerve loss in your feet, consult with Robert Stein, DPM from South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment for neuropathy.

What Is Neuropathy?

Neuropathy is a condition that leads to damage to the nerves in the body. Peripheral neuropathy, or neuropathy that affects your peripheral nervous system, usually occurs in the feet. Neuropathy can be triggered by a number of different causes. Such causes include diabetes, infections, cancers, disorders, and toxic substances.

Symptoms of Neuropathy Include:

  • Numbness
  • Sensation loss
  • Prickling and tingling sensations
  • Throbbing, freezing, burning pains
  • Muscle weakness

Those with diabetes are at serious risk due to being unable to feel an ulcer on their feet. Diabetics usually also suffer from poor blood circulation. This can lead to the wound not healing, infections occurring, and the limb may have to be amputated.

Treatment

To treat neuropathy in the foot, podiatrists will first diagnose the cause of the neuropathy. Figuring out the underlying cause of the neuropathy will allow the podiatrist to prescribe the best treatment, whether it be caused by diabetes, toxic substance exposure, infection, etc. If the nerve has not died, then it’s possible that sensation may be able to return to the foot.

Pain medication may be issued for pain. Electrical nerve stimulation can be used to stimulate nerves. If the neuropathy is caused from pressure on the nerves, then surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Neuropathy
Friday, 10 May 2024 00:00

Treat Your Feet to Diabetic Shoes

Diabetic shoes can bring relief to the feet of patients suffering from diabetes. 

Wearing appropriate footwear in healthcare settings holds immense importance, impacting the well-being of healthcare professionals and the quality of patient care. Healthcare environments are dynamic and demanding, requiring individuals to be on their feet for extended periods. Proper footwear provides essential support, stability, and protection against workplace hazards such as spills, sharp objects, and potential exposure to biological hazards. Additionally, wearing quality footwear plays an essential role in preventing foot fatigue, discomfort, and musculoskeletal injuries commonly associated with prolonged standing or walking. Furthermore, wearing closed-toe shoes with slip-resistant soles reduces the risk of slips, trips, and falls, promoting a safer working environment for staff and patients. By prioritizing the selection of appropriate footwear, healthcare professionals can enhance their comfort, productivity, and overall well-being, ensuring they can focus on delivering optimal care to those in need while minimizing the risk of workplace-related injuries. If you have foot pain while working, contact a podiatrist who can treat foot conditions and guide you toward the right shoe choices for your working day.

While working on the feet, it is important to take the proper care of them. For more information about working on your feet, contact Robert Stein, DPM from South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Working on Your Feet

Standing on your feet for long periods of time can cause stress and pain in your feet. Your whole body may experience change in terms of posture, back pain, bunions, callouses and or plantar warts. There are ways to avoid these conditions with proper foot care, smart choices and correct posture.

Positive Changes

Negative heeled shoe – Choosing this shoe type places the heel slightly lower than the ball of the foot. These are great for overall foot health. Find shoes that fit you correctly.

Go barefoot – Our feet were not designed to be enclosed for all hours of the day. Try to periodically expose your feet to air.

Eliminate Pain

Foot Exercises – Performing simple exercises, incorporating yoga and doing stretches are beneficial. This will allow increased blood flow to the area and muscles of the foot.

Achilles tendon – Stretching the foot out flat on the floor will relax the calf muscles and tendon. These exercises can be performed almost anywhere. Make sure you add these exercises to your daily regimen. 

With a little bit of this information and knowing more about foot health, you will notice changes. Foot stretches and proper footwear will help with pain and prevent further issues.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 30 April 2024 00:00

Dactylitis and Foot Problems in Children

Dactylitis, commonly known as hand-foot syndrome, and associated with sickle cell disease, or SCD, manifests as painful swelling and inflammation in the fingers and toes, primarily affecting children. The condition arises from obstructed blood flow due to sickle-shaped red blood cells, which leads to tissue damage and discomfort. Treatment focuses on managing SCD symptoms, including pain relief and anti-inflammatory measures. Podiatrists, specializing in foot health, play a vital role in dactylitis management. They diagnose the condition, implement tailored treatment plans, and offer preventive care strategies. Podiatrists educate patients and families on foot hygiene and hydration, minimizing the risk of flare-ups. Regular monitoring by podiatrists ensures early intervention and prevents long-term complications, improving overall quality of life for individuals affected by dactylitis. If your child suffers from dactylitis, it is suggested that you schedule regular appointments with a podiatrist for care.

When dealing with systemic disease of the feet, it is extremely important to check the affected areas routinely so that any additional problems are caught quickly.  If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles contact Robert Stein, DPM from South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor will assist you with all of your podiatric needs.

Systemic Diseases of the Feet

Systemic diseases affect the whole body, and symptoms usually are displayed in the feet. This condition can make a patient’s ability to walk unbearable.  Systemic diseases include gout, diabetes mellitus, neurological disorders, and arthritis.

Gout – is caused by an excess of uric acid in the body. Common symptoms include pain, inflammation, and redness at the metatarsal/phalangeal joint of the base big toe. Gout can be treated by NSAIDs to relieve pain and inflammation, and other drugs that lower the acid levels in the body.

Diabetes mellitus – is an increase in the level of blood sugar that the body cannot counteract with its own insulin. Failure to produce enough insulin is a factor in Diabetes.

Diabetes of the Feet

Diabetic Neuropathy – may lead to damaged nerves and affect the feet through numbness and loss of sensation.

Peripheral Vascular Disease – can restrict the blood flow to the feet, and often times lead to amputation of the feet. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Systemic Diseases of the Foot

Poor foot circulation, often linked with conditions like peripheral artery disease or diabetes, presents diverse symptoms such as numbness, tingling, weakness, coldness, or cramping in the feet and legs. This condition is more common as one ages. Restricted blood flow deprives tissues of oxygen and nutrients, causing discomfort and potentially severe issues like non-healing wounds or ulcers. The causes typically involve arterial narrowing or blockage due to factors such as smoking, high blood pressure, cholesterol, or diabetes. Lifestyle changes like quitting smoking, managing health conditions, staying active, and a healthy diet can aid in circulation improvement. If you have poor foot circulation and it is persistent or worsening, it is suggested that you seek prompt evaluation by a podiatrist. This type of doctor employs various diagnostic tests to assess circulation and devises personalized treatment strategies that can address underlying conditions and relieve symptoms.

While poor circulation itself isn’t a condition; it is a symptom of another underlying health condition you may have. If you have any concerns with poor circulation in your feet contact Robert Stein, DPM of South Shore Foot Care. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Poor Circulation in the Feet

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) can potentially lead to poor circulation in the lower extremities. PAD is a condition that causes the blood vessels and arteries to narrow. In a linked condition called atherosclerosis, the arteries stiffen up due to a buildup of plaque in the arteries and blood vessels. These two conditions can cause a decrease in the amount of blood that flows to your extremities, therefore resulting in pain.

Symptoms

Some of the most common symptoms of poor circulation are:

  • Numbness
  • Tingling
  • Throbbing or stinging pain in limbs
  • Pain
  • Muscle Cramps

Treatment for poor circulation often depends on the underlying condition that causes it. Methods for treatment may include insulin for diabetes, special exercise programs, surgery for varicose veins, or compression socks for swollen legs.

As always, see a podiatrist as he or she will assist in finding a regimen that suits you. A podiatrist can also prescribe you any needed medication. 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Cedarhurst and Franklin Square, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Causes Symptoms and Treatment for Poor Circulation in the Feet
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